Diabetes Diet

diabetic diet Noida

Diabetic Diet need not to be a complete deviation from normal diet. The nutritional requirements of a diabetic are as same as in the non diabetic. The diet should provide 60 – 65 % carbs, 15 – 25 % fat & rest from protein. The diet should be a tailor made to the individual based on the age, sex, weight, height, physical activity, & physiological needs of the patient-Ultimate Diet Clinic, Diabetic diet Noida.

BOTH DIETITIAN & DOCTOR HAVE A ROLE IN THE DIETARY MANAGEMENT OF DIABETES.

DIETARY PRESCRIPTION-

  • CALORIES- The recommended calorie intake for diabetic is based on body weight. That is, if person is overweight- 20 kcal / kg.wt./day. If person is of ideal body weight- 30 kcal / kg.wt. / day. If person is underweight- 40 kcal / kg.wt./day
  • PROTEINS- the RDA for protein is 1gms / kg body weight. Proteins from vegetable sources are better than from animal sources as they do not contain cholesterol & also add fibre to the diet.
  • FAT- Diabetics can take 20 gms visible fat / day
  • VITAMINS & MINERALS- Diabetics, during infections & other complications may require higher amounts of vit.& minerals in the form of supplements.
  • DIETARY FIBRE – Intake of 25 gms of dietary fibre per 1000 calories is considered to be optimum for a diabetic.

DIETARY GUIDELINES-

1-FOODS THAT CAN BE USED FREELY

  • Vegetables
  • Green leafy vegetables
  • Spices
  • High fibre foods

2-FOODS THAT CAN BE USED IN MODERATE AMOUNTS

  • Fats
  • Nuts
  • Cereals/roots/tubers
  • Pulses
  • Fruits
  • Milk products
  • Meat products
  • Artificial sweeteners

3-FOODS AVOIDED

  • Sugar
  • Sweets
  • Honey
  • Jam & jellies
  • Cakes & pastries
  • Sweetened juices & soft drinks

IN BRIEF, DIABETICS SHOULD

  • AVOID SWEETS
  • USE FATS IN LIMITED AMOUNT
  • TAKE CEREALS & PULSES IN RIGHT AMOUNT
  • INCLUDE HIGH FIBRE FOODS AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE
  • TAKE VEGETABLES AS DESIRED
  • TAKE PERMITTED FRUITS IN LIMITED AMOUNTS

 

WRONG BELIEFS – There is a common belief that diabetics can eat wheat but not rice. That is not true. Both wheat & rice have almost similar glycaemic index & raise the blood sugar to a similar extent. Therefore, it should not matter whether one takes wheat or rice, as long as the total quantity is restricted.

I WANT TO SUM UP MY ARTICLE WITH SOME POINTS…..

  • HIGH CARBOHYDRATES & HIGH FIBRE DIETS ARE BENEFICIAL N THE CONTROL OF BLOOD SUGAR & SERUM LIPIDS
  • OBESE DIABETICS SHOULD REDUCE BODY WEIGHT BY EXERCISE & DIETARY MEANS.
  • THE DIABETICS SHOULD AVOID ALCOHOL
  • DIABETICS CAN USE ARTIFICIAL SWEETENERS INSTEAD OF SUGAR IN BEVERAGES
  • REGULAR EXERCISE SHOULD BE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THE DAILY ROUTINE OF THE DIABETICS.
  • A DIABETICS SHOULD TAKE DRUGS REGULARLY AS ADVICED BY THE DOCTORS.
  • DURING ILLNESS ONE SHOULD TAKE REST, ADEQUATE DIET & THE DRUGS PRESCRIBED.

 

THANKYOU ALL FOR READING

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